Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Poverty Maps and Darkness

From the updated OxCARRE paper [pdf,], Left in the Dark of Brock Smith [] and Sam Wills [] come these interesting maps on rural poverty.

Read on at Sam's website []

Friday, July 15, 2016

New Research: Labor market dynamics and the unconventional natural gas boom: Evidence from the Marcellus region

Timothy M. Komarek ([], Old Dominion University) writes on

Labor market dynamics and the unconventional natural gas boom: Evidence from the Marcellus region
The energy extraction boom of the mid 2000s impacted local economies in areas with substantial shale oil and gas reserves. I examine the impact of the energy boom on the labor market by exploiting a natural experiment in the Marcellus region. In particular, I compare counties with fracking activity in Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia to the control group of counties in New York, which imposed a moratorium and later ban on fracking. I look at how the benefits to the labor demand shock are shared between industries as well as how employment and wages in related industries adjust over the course of the resource boom. The results suggest total employment and wages per job increase by 7% and 11% respectively above pre-boom levels in the three years after the boom, but decline after 4 years or more. The results also show significant positive spillovers to related sectors, such as construction, transportation, retail trade and accommodations. However, there is no evidence of the so called ‘resource curse’ crowding out employment or increasing wages in manufacturing.
Published in Resource and Energy Economics, Volume 45, August 2016, Pages 1–17, available here [].

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

New research: Resource revenue management and wealth neutrality in Norway

Klaus Mohn ([], University of Stavanger) writes on

Resource revenue management and wealth neutrality in Norway
An important idea behind the Norwegian oil fund mechanism and the fiscal spending rule is to protect the non-oil economy from the adverse effects of excessive spending of resource revenues over the Government budget. A critical assumption in this respect is that public sector saving is not being offset by private sector dissaving, which is at stake with the hypothesis of Ricardian equivalence. Based on a framework of co-integrating saving rates, this model provides an empirical test of the Ricardian equivalence hypothesis on Norwegian time series data. Although the model rejects the strong-form presence of Ricardian equivalence, results indicate that the Norwegian approach does not fully succeed in separating spending of resource revenues from the accrual of the same revenues.

Published in Energy Policy, Volume 96, September 2016, Pages 446–457, find here []